Matthew S. Dryer 


 

Matthew S. Dryer , Professor, received his Ph.D. in Linguistics at the University of Michigan. He came to Buffalo in 1989 after ten years at the University of Alberta. He has held visiting positions at UCLA, the University of Oregon, The Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, The Netherlands and The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. His primary research interests are in typology, syntax, and language documentation. The theoretical orientation of his work is that of basic linguistic theory. Since 1983 he has been working on a project establishing a large cross-linguistic database on word order and related typological characteristics, and has produced a number of publications in this area. His language documentation interests include Kutenai and Papuan languages. Since 2001, he has been engaged in joint field research with Lea Brown on three languages of Papua New Guinea, Walman and Srenge (in the Torricelli family) and Poko-Rawo (in the Sko family). Publications include 'Primary Objects, Secondary Objects, and Antidative' (Language, 1986), 'The Greenbergian Word Order Correlations' (Language, 1992), 'The Discourse Function of the Kutenai Inverse' (Voice and Inversion, 1994), "Focus, Pragmatic Presupposition, and Activated Propositions" (Journal of Pragmatics, 1996), 'On the 6-way Word Order Typology' (Studies in Language, 1997). He is one of four co-editors of the World Atlas of Language Structures, a typological atlas, along with Martin Haspelmath, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. The atlas was published by Oxford University Press in August 2005. The WALS atlas is now available on line.

Office: 616 Baldy Hall 
Office phone number: 716-645-0122 
Email: dryer@buffalo.edu

What is basic linguistic theory?

World Atlas of Language Structures

Online version of the World Atlas of Language Structures

Papers on word order

Papers on grammatical relations

Papers on Kutenai

Papers on methodological and foundational issues

Work on Papuan Languages

Typological Database

Downloadable papers

Downloadable student dissertations

Photos from field work in Papua New Guinea

Publications:

For any papers here that are not available for download, please ask me for a copy at dryer@buffalo.edu. If any of the papers that are listed as being available for download fail to do so, please let me know.

Dryer, Matthew S. In press. Competing methods for uncovering linguistic diversity: the case of definite and indefinite articles. To appear in Perspectives section of Language. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2013. A Grammatical Description of Kara-Lemakot. Asia-Pacific Linguistics. Australian National University. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2013. Against the six-way order typology, again. Studies in Language 37: 267 - 301.

Dryer, Matthew S. 2011. The evidence for word order correlations: a response to Dunn, Greenhill, Levinson and Gray's paper in Nature. Linguistic Typology 15: 335 - 380. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2011. Order of negative morpheme and verb. World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. http://wals.info/chapter/143

Dryer, Matthew S. 2011. Position of negative morpheme with respect to subject, object, and verb. World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. http://wals.info/chapter/144

Dryer, Matthew S. 2009. Problems testing typological correlations with the online WALS. Linguistic Typology 13: 121 - 135.

Dryer, Matthew S. 2009. Verb-Object-Negative Order in Central Africa. In Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond, edited by Norbert Cyffer, Erwin Ebermann, and Georg Ziegelmeyer. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Brown, Lea, and Matthew S. Dryer. 2008. The verbs for 'and' in Walman, a Torricelli language of Papua New Guinea. Language 84: 528 - 565. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2008. Word order in Tibeto-Burman languages" Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 31: 1 - 88. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2008. The branching direction theory revisited. In Sergio Scalise, Elisabetta Magni, Antonietta Bisetto (eds.), Universals of Language Today, Berlin: Springer. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2007. Review of Frederick J. Newmeyer, Possible and probable languages: a generative perspective on linguistic typology. Journal of Linguistics 43: 244-252. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2007. Kutenai, Algonquian, and the Pacific Northwest from an areal perspective. In Proceedings of the Thirty-Eighth Algonquian Conference, edited by H. C. Wolfart, pp. 155-206. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2007. "Clause types". In Clause Structure, Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Vol. 1, edited by Timothy Shopen, pp. 224-275. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2007. "Word order". In Clause Structure, Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Vol. 1, edited by Timothy Shopen, 61-131. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2007. "Noun phrase structure". In Complex Constructions, Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Vol. 2, edited by Timothy Shopen, pp. 151-205. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Keenan, Edward L. and Matthew S. Dryer. 2007. "Passive in the World's Languages". In Clause Structure, Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Vol. 1, edited by Timothy Shopen, pp. 325-361. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press.DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2006. Descriptive theories, explanatory theories, and basic linguistic theory. In Catching Language: Issues in Grammar Writing, edited by Felix Ameka, Alan Dench, and Nicholas Evans, pp. 207-234. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2006. Functionalism and the Theory - Metalanguage Confusion. In Phonology, Morphology, and the Empirical Imperative: Papers in Honour of Bruce Derwing, edited by Grace Wiebe, Gary Libben, Tom Priestly, Ron Smyth, and Sam Wang, pp. 27-59. Taipei: The Crane Publishing Company. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Expression of pronominal subjects". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of subject, object, and verb". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map plus Map showing Languages with two Dominant Orders of Subject, Object, and Verb

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Coding of nominal plurality". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Polar questions". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Position of polar question particles". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Position of interrogative phrases in content questions". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Negative morphemes". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Prefixing versus suffixing in inflectional morphology". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Position of Case Affixes". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Position of Pronominal Possessive Affixes". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Position of Tense-Aspect Affixes". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Definite articles". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Indefinite articles". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of subject and verb". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of object and verb". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of adposition and noun phrase". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of adjective and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of demonstrative and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of genitive and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of numeral and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of relative clause and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map plus Map showing Languages with internally-headed relative clauses plus Map showing Languages with double-headed relative clauses plus Map showing Languages with correlative relative clauses plus Map showing Languages with adjoined relative clauses plus Map showing Languages with prenominal relative clauses plus Map showing Languages with postnominal relative clauses.

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of degree word and adjective". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Order of adverbial subordinator and clause". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Relationship between the order of object and verb and the order of adposition and noun phrase". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Relationship between the order of object and verb and the order of relative clause and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2005. "Relationship between the order of object and verb and the order of adjective and noun". In The World Atlas of Language Structures, edited by Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, and Bernard Comrie. Oxford University Press. Updated online version 2013: World Atlas of Language Structures Online, ed. by Matthew S. Dryer and Martin Haspelmath. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library. Chapter Text and Map

Dryer, Matthew S. 2004. "Noun phrases without nouns". Functional Linguistics 11: 43-76. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2003. "Significant and non-significant implicational universals". Linguistic Typology 7: 108-128. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2003. "Word order in Sino-Tibetan languages from a typological and geographical perspective". In Sino-Tibetan Languages edited by Graham Thurgood and Randy LaPolla. Richmond: Curzon Press

Dryer, Matthew S. 2002. "Case Distinctions, Rich Verb Agreement, and Word Order Type". Theoretical Linguistics 28: 151-157. DOWNLOAD [This is not the final draft of this paper.]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2002. A Comparison of Preverbs in Kutenai and Algonquian. In Proceedings of the Thirtieth Algonquian Conference, edited by David Pentland, pp. 63-94. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba. DOWNLOAD [The downloadable version differs in pagination and possibly other minor details from the published version]

Dryer, Matthew S. 2001. Mon-Khmer Word Order from a Crosslinguistic Perspective. In Papers from the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, 1996, edited by Karen L. Adams and Thomas John Hudak, pp. 83-99. Tempe: Arizona State University Program for Southeast Asian Studies.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 2000. Counting genera vs. counting languages: A reply to Maslova. Linguistic Typology 4: 334 - 350. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1998. Aspects of Word Order in the Languages of Europe. In Constituent Order in the Languages of Europe, edited by Anna Siewierska, pp. 283 - 319. European Science Foundation Language Typology series. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1998. Why Statistical Universals are Better Than Absolute Universals. Chicago Linguistic Society 33: The Panels, pp. 123-145. DOWNLOAD [The version downloadable here is different in pagination and possibly other minor details from the published version]

Dryer, Matthew S. 1998. "Obviation Across Clause Boundaries in Kutenai." Studies in Native American Linguistics IX, John Kytle, Hangyoo Khym, and Supath Kookiattikoon, eds. University of Kansas Working Papers 22 : 2: 33 - 51.DOWNLOAD [The version downloadable here is different in pagination and possibly other minor details from the published version]

Dryer, Matthew S. 1997 "On the 6-way Word Order Typology". Studies in Language 21: 69-103. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1997 "Are Grammatical Relations Universal?" In Essays on Language Function and Language Type: Dedicated to T. Givon, edited by Joan Bybee, John Haiman, and Sandra Thompson, pp. 115 - 143. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1997 "Passive vs. Indefinite Subject Construction in Cree." In Papers of the Twenty-Sixth Algonquian Conference, edited by David Pentland. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1996. Grammatical Relations in Ktunaxa (Kutenai): The Belcourt Lecture Delivered Before the University of Manitoba on 24 February 1995. Voices of Rupert's Land: Winnipeg, Canada.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1996 "Focus, Pragmatic Presupposition, and Activated Propositions". Journal of Pragmatics 26: 475-523.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1996 "Word Order Typology." In Handbook on Syntax, Vol. 2, edited by J. Jacobs. Walter de Gruyter Publishing, pp. 1050 - 1065. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1995 "Frequency and Pragmatically Unmarked Word Order". In Word Order in Discourse, edited by Mickey Noonan and Pamela Downing, pp. 105-135. John Benjamins.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1994 "The Discourse Function of the Kutenai Inverse". In Voice and Inversion, edited by T. Givon, pp. 65-99. John Benjamins.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1992 "The Greenbergian Word Order Correlations." Language 68: 81-138.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1992. "A Comparison of the Obviation Systems of Kutenai and Algonquian." In Papers of the Twenty-Third Algonquian Conference, edited by William Cowan. Ottawa: Carleton University, pp. 119-163. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1992 "Adverbial Subordinators and Word Order Asymmetries." In Performance Principles of Word Order, edited by John A. Hawkins and Anna Siewierska, pp.50-67. EUROTYP Working Papers, European Science Foundation. DOWNLOAD

Jacennik, Barbara, and Dryer, Matthew S. 1992 "Verb-Subject Order in Polish". In Pragmatics of Word Order Flexibility, ed. by Doris Payne, pp. 209-241. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1991 "SVO Languages and the OV/VO Typology." Journal of Linguistics 27: 443-482. DOWNLOAD (The downloadable version is not the final version)

Dryer, Matthew S. 1991 "What Determines Antipassive in Dyirbal?" In ESCOL '90 (Proceedings of the Seventh Eastern States Conference on Linguistics), ed. by Yongkyoon No and Mark Libucha. Columbus: The Ohio State University, pp. 90-101.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1991 "Subject and Inverse in Kutenai." In Papers from the American Indian Languages Conferences, Held at the University of California, Santa Cruz, July and August, 1991. Occasional Papers on Linguistics 16:183-202, ed. James E. Redden. Carbondale, Illinois: Dept. of Linguistics. Also appeared in Buffalo Papers in Linguistics 91-01: 20-39. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1989 "Article-Noun Order". In Papers from the 25th Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society , pp. 83-97.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1989 "Plural Words". Linguistics 27:865-895.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1989 "Discourse-Governed Word Order and Word Order Typology". Belgian Journal of Linguistics 4: 69-90.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1989 "Large Linguistic Areas and Language Sampling". Studies in Language 13: 257-292.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1989 "Salinan Word Order". In Papers from the 1988 Hokan-Penutian Languages Workshop, edited by Scott Delancey. University of Oregon Papers in Linguistics, Publications of the Center for Amerindian Linguistics and Ethnography 1, pp. 40-49.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1988 "Object-Verb Order and Adjective-Noun Order: Dispelling a Myth." Lingua 74: 185-217.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1988 "Universals of Negative Position." In Studies in Syntactic Typology, edited by M. Hammond, E. Moravcsik, & J. Wirth. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 93-124.

Dryer, Matthew S. 1986. Primary Objects, Secondary Objects, and Antidative. Language 62: 808-845.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1985 "The Role of Thematic Relations in Adjectival Passives." Linguistic Inquiry 16: 320-326.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1985 "Tlingit: An Object-Initial Language?" Canadian Journal of Linguistics 30: 1-14.

Dryer, Matthew S. 1983 "Indirect Objects in Kinyarwanda Revisited." In Studies in Relational Grammar I, edited by David M. Perlmutter, pp. 129-140. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1982 "In Defense of a Universal Passive." Linguistic Analysis 10: 53-60. 

Dryer, Matthew S. 1982 "Passive and Inversion in Kannada." In Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, pp. 311-321.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1980. The Positional Tendencies of Sentential Noun Phrases in Universal Grammar. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 25: 123-195.DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1978 "Some Theoretical Implications of Grammatical Relations in Cebuano." In University of Michigan Papers in Linguistics 2:4: 1-43. DOWNLOAD

Dryer, Matthew S. 1977 "On Explaining the Syntactic Properties of Passive Agent Noun Phrases in Universal Grammar." In Papers from the 1976 Meeting of the 1976 Meeting of the Michigan Linguistic Society, pp. 7-23.

Dryer, Matthew S. 1976 "Generative Semantics and the Study of Discourse Structure." In Michigan Linguistic Society Papers,Volume 2. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms. 

Dryer, Matthew S. 1976 "Is Logical Structure Necessary?" In Papers from the Annual Meeting of the Michigan Linguistic Society, October 9, 1975, edited by R. Bailey, J. Hill, and D. Lockwood. University of Michigan Papers in Linguistics 2:34-47.
 

Department of Linguistics Homepage

Questions or problems regarding this web site should be directed to Matthew Dryer. Copyright © 2014 Department of Linguistics, University at Buffalo. All rights reserved.